Today the technological model is shifting towards automation. Automation involves the automatic control of appliances or machinery using different technologies which can be controlled by a variety of smart devices. Automation is an important aspect of IOT, multiple devices were controlled via the internet is called Internet Of Things(I.O.T). Automation can be split into home and industrial automation.
It involves the control and automation of lighting, heating (such as smart thermostats), ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), and security, as well as home appliances such as washer/dryers, ovens or refrigerators/freezers. Home devices, when remotely monitored and controlled via the Internet, are an important constituent of the Internet of Things.